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The Flu: Stop the Spread


You — yes, you! — can help keep people from getting sick this flu season. How? It's not too hard. Just take these steps:

  • Get the flu vaccine.
  • Wash your hands well and often, especially before eating and after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose.
  • Keep your sneezes and coughs to yourself (use a tissue or your elbow instead of your hand).
  • Keep your hands out of your eyes, mouth, and nose.

By following these tips, you might be able to keep yourself from getting sick and prevent germs from spreading and making other people sick.

During the coronavirus pandemic, experts found that wearing masks can help prevent the spread of germs. They recommend that everyone wear a mask when out in public or around people who don't live with them. Wearing masks can also help stop the spread of flu.

Germy Hands

Do you notice something about the tips above? Most of them involve your hands. That's how a lot of germs get in our bodies in the first place — whether it's a cold, chickenpox, or the flu. Germs get on our hands and we put our hands in our eyes, noses, and, especially, our mouths.

Sometimes you just can't help it. You have to pick up your sandwich, floss your teeth, and do stuff like that. Our hands get plenty of opportunities to touch our eyes and noses too.

Check Your Hand-Washing Skills

The best habit of all these good habits is hand washing. When you wash your hands, you rinse away germs that you might have picked up here or there. When you do this before you eat, for instance, it keeps those germs from ending up in your body, where they can make you sick.

Sure, you know you're supposed to wash your hands. But make sure you do it right:

  1. Use warm water (not cold or hot) when you wash your hands.
  2. Use whatever soap you like. Some soaps come in cool shapes and colors or smell nice. Antibacterial soaps are OK to use, but regular soap works fine.
  3. Work up some lather on both sides of your hands, your wrists, and between your fingers. Don't forget to wash around your nails. This is one place germs like to hide. Wash for about 15 to 20 seconds — about how long it takes to sing "Happy Birthday" two times.
  4. Rinse and dry well with a clean towel.
  5. If you don't have soap and water handy, you can use hand sanitizer. Ask your parent for a safe one to use. Squirt a little bit into your palm, and rub it all over, even between your fingers, until your hands are dry. This usually takes about 20 seconds.
Date reviewed: September 2020